Juvenile Diabetes, also referred to as type-1 diabetes, is a disease impacting around 210,000 children and young adults, 15000 of which are affected on an annual basis as per the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. Type-1 diabetes in juveniles is a health condition where your child’s body ceases to produce a key hormone (insulin). Insulin is required to live a healthy life, so you will have to substitute for the insulin deficiency.
Juvenile diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood, typically between the ages of 10 – 13. There is nothing parents can do to prevent this condition, but if you succeed in noticing signs your child might have the disease, then the appropriate remedial steps can be taken from an early age. Listed below are 8 common symptoms that you need to watch out for:
1. Unquenchable Thirst
Children who are undiagnosed with type-1 diabetes may be continuously thirsty. The reason behind this is that when their blood-glucose level spikes up, fluid is extracted from their body tissues, leading to increased cravings for cold drinks.
2. Extreme Hunger
In absence of sufficient insulin to transfer sugar into your kid’s cells, your kid’s organs and muscles lack energy, thereby triggering pangs of hunger.
3. Frequent Urination
What goes in has to come out, so it makes sense that a kid who drinks frequently will also need to hit the lavatory often. If your child is taking an alarming number of bathroom breaks, then there may be a serious reason behind it. A younger child who was toilet-trained earlier may start wetting the bed again.
4. Weight loss
Despite the fact that the child is eating more the, his or her body will start to break down its own muscle and fat reserves in order to make up for the perceived loss of energy sources, namely blood glucose.
The inability of glucose to travel from the bloodstream into the cells causes a loss of energy leading to chronic fatigue. The irregularity in fat and protein metabolism can also lead to fatigue.
6. Eyesight Problems
High blood glucose levels can lead to an increase in blood volume, which can cause the lens of the eye to swell. This, in turn, can result in various vision problems such as blurred vision.
7. A Fruity Breath
Burning stores of fat rather than sugar produces certain byproducts known as ketones, which can cause your child to have a fruity-smelling breath.
Besides mood problems, your kid might suddenly experience a fall in their academic performance.
When to See a Doctor?
The sooner the symptoms of juvenile diabetes are recognized, the sooner the child can be taken to the doctor for proper testing to diagnose this disease. Diabetes in children, while incurable, can be successfully managed with a combination of diet and insulin therapy. When left untreated, type-1 diabetes can cause a range of complications that can severely impact any diabetic’s ability to live a normal life.